Geographical Situation

Lisboa is the capital of Portugal and lies on the north bank of the Tagus Estuary, on the European Atlantic coast. It is the westernmost city in continental Europe. Greater Lisboa has an area of approximately 1,000 km2. The city lies more or less in the centre of the country, approximately 300 km from the Algarve in the south and 400 km from the northern border with Spain. Lisboa offers a wide variety of options to the visitor, including beaches, countryside, mountains and areas of historical interest only a few kilometres away from the city centre.

Language

Portuguese is Latin in origin and the third most widely spoken European language in the world. It is the mother tongue of about 200 million people. Portuguese is the official language in several countries: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé e Príncipe in Africa, and Brazil in South America. In Portugal itself a considerable number of people can understand and communicate in foreign languages.

Demographical Information

Approximately 600,000 people live in Lisboa. However, if one includes the various satellite towns, the population of Greater Lisboa rises to approximately 1.9 million people.

 
Climate

Due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, Lisboa has a pleasant climate throughout the year. The agreeable temperatures in the summer months are an open invitation for a walk by the river, or to spend an afternoon in one of the many street cafés to be found all over the city. Although the temperatures may fall somewhat in the autumn and winter months, sunshine is almost always a constant feature.

Electricity

Voltage: 220/380 volts at a frequency of 50 Hertz. All sockets follow European standards. To use American-type plugs, a 220-volt transformer should be used together with an adapter plug.

    Currency

The unit of currency in Portugal is the Euro €.

Schedules

Opening hours in Portugal are similar to those in the rest of Europe. The visitor has access to all normal services at any time of the day and on all days of the week - not only in Lisboa, but also in the rest of the country. Pharmacies keep the same opening hours as the rest of the shops but, in order to guarantee 24-hour service, some stay open after 7 p.m. Generally speaking, restaurants are open for lunch from 12 noon to 3.p.m and for dinner from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.

 
Lisboa is easy to get to. It is a short flight away from most European cities, and is just as easily accessible by road, railway or sea.
By Air

Lisboa International Airport, 7 km from the city centre, has daily flights to and from the major cities in Europe and the world. The Portuguese airline TAP - Air Portugal, as well as major international airlines, fly to and from Lisboa.

By Road

Arriving in Lisboa by road is a pleasant experience, as the visitor can enjoy the beautiful countryside along the way. The city has good road accesses and the most frequently used routes are: the A1 motorway. the 25th April Bridge, the new Vasco da Gama Bridge, and the CREL, the outer ring-road for the Lisboa region.

By Rail

Scores of national and international trains arrive in Lisboa every day. In addition to Santa Apolónia terminal station, the city now has the new Gare do Oriente, which opened in 1998 adjacent to the Parque das Nações. Both stations have direct bus or underground connections to the city centre.

By Sea

The Port of Lisboa is the busiest port on the European Atlantic coast. It has three terminals for cruise ships: the Alcântara, Rocha de Conde d’Óbidos and the Santa Apolónia terminals. Lisboa is often a port of call for many cruise ships (coming from many different places). Furthermore, the city also has marinas for pleasure boats in the docks of Belém, Santo Amaro, Bom Sucesso. Alcântara and, most recently, the Olivais Docks.
 
Public Transports

An extensive network of 90 bus routes covers the entire city and outskirts. One of the quickest ways to travel in Lisboa is by Metro. It covers almost the whole city and next to most hotels you will find a metro station. Besides the confort, one will be surprised when admiring true chefs d’oeuvre in each station. You cannot speak about public transportation in Lisboa without mentioning the Tram. Having lost the importance of old times, it keeps the same fascination and goes on being a symbol of the city. In the region of Lisboa, one of the most common means of transportation is the ferry-boat (Cacilheiro), mainly to connect both sides of the river.

Taxi Voucher Service

This service is available to passengers arriving at Lisboa Airport who wish to travel by taxi. The service operates with vouchers on sale at the Turismo de Lisboa counter, located in the airport terminal. The price of the voucher depends on the distance of the trip or length of time, as well as on the type of service required: normal or personalized (in the former, the driver is trained to speak foreign languages and acts as tourist guide). We strongly recommend getting the voucher in order to get a fair price.

Lisboa Card


A visitor's card for Lisboa  is, in fact, the easiest and most convenient way of getting to know the city of Lisboa, in an autonomous way. It is a card which, in general terms, allows free and illimited travel in the underground, on Carris buses, trams, lifts, and on CP trains between Cais do Sodré and Belém, as well as free admission to 26 museums, historic buildings and other places of interest.
 
Working Hours

Buses: Every day 6.30 a.m. - 12 p.m./10 a.m.
Banks: Mon-Fri. 8.30 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Shopping Centres: Every day 10 a.m. - 12 p.m.
Shops: Mon -Fri. 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. - 7 p.m.
Sat. 9 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Embassies: Mon. - Fri. 9 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Post Offices: Mon. - Fri. 8.30 a.m. - 6.30 p.m.
Pharmacies: Mon. - Fri. 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. - 7 p. m. also: 24 hour (night) service
Meal times: Lunch: 12 a.m. - 2 p.m.
Dinner: 8 p.m. - 10 p.m
Underground: Every day 6.30 a.m. - 1 a.m.
  Time zones

(GMT/UTC GMT/UTC +1 in Summer)
Austrália Camberra +10h
Brazil Brasília -3h
France Paris +1h
Germany Bona +1h
Holland Amsterdam +1h
Italy Rome +1h
Japan Tokyo +9h
Norway Oslo +1h
South Africa Cape Town +2h
Spain Madrid +1h
Sweden Stockholm +1h
UK London =
USA Chicago -6h
USA Los Angeles -8h
USA New York -5h
USA Washington -5h

  Equivalent measures

1 cm = 0.39 inches
1 metre = 39.37 inches / 3.28 feet / 1.09 yards
1 km = 0.62 miles
1 inch = 2.54 cm
1 foot = 0.39 metres/12 inches
1 yard = 0.91 metres
1 mile = 1.60 km
1 sq. foot = 199 sq. inches / 0.0929 m2



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Prof. Graça Fialho (Chair) | Prof. Helena Caria (Co-Chair)
FCUL website | http://www.fc.ul.pt / IEB oficial website | http://ieb.unife.it/
Campus FCUL, Campo Grande|1749-016 Lisboa|Phone (+351) 217 500047 | Fax (+351) 217 500 048